April 28, 2022



Amelia will talk about Turkish Spindles

Some photos from Forest Home Farms Shearing Day, 4/23/22



10:00 A.M. SATURDAY, MARCH 26, 2022

President Vickie M. opened the meeting to welcome our speaker, Dr. Sabine Schroeder-Gravendyck, DVM, speaking from Germany. She enjoys researching the history and uses of the many rare breeds of sheep. The Valois Black Nose from Switzerland is one example that herds easily and can eat low calorie food. They survive well at high altitudes There are breeds that survive well lower down the mountains in the wet and rain and the Valois would not. The Coberger Fox sheep will walk long distances foraging for food. In the 1930's, legislation almost wiped out the Fox Sheep. Otto Stritzel bred 30-40 sheep looking for a wool type. He and two others convinced the herd book to recognize them.

Sabine asked “why sheep?” The animals eat grass, leaves and branches for food. From thisl, we get wool, meat, bones, milk and fertilizer. Sheep do not compete with humans for food sources. There are some sheep that are high performance, like the Merino. That breed needs grain and parasite management for maximum performance This competes with humans.

There are 1592 sheep breeds, some that have both hair and wool. 160 breeds are extinct already, 788 have unknown numbers of members, 191 are at some level of risk through low numbers and 400 are not at risk. After 12,000 years of domestication, there is a sheep breed for every land type bt the Arctic. Examples are the Targhee which was developed for the area of Idaho, Montana and Wyoming with durable, fairly soft wool. The Kathaden is a good meat producer with great parasite resistance, but has no wool to shear.

At risk sheep need people to work to keep them pure to breed. In Germany, the is an area called the Arch Warder, like a zoo. It is the largest center in Europe protecting rare sheep and other animals. Some breeds, like the Houtland with 120 sheep, may be so far apart geographically that it is not reasonable to try to increase the numbers. The Ark helps with conservation efforts and education. Pomeranian sheep which has a rough wool, can walk on wet ground 24/7 without foot rot. Landraces have a variety that keeps them alive and going. Fleeces can give a variety of yarn options all in one fleece, that can give a variety of yarn options, definitely not like a Merino fleece.

Sabine sent a survey, asking the breeds that our members have used. She showed a spread sheet showing that we have been exposed to 46 breeds. She was impressed. She showed her collection of “wooley baskets”, each done from a single sheep breed from the same pattern. It is a great way to compare characteristics. This is the pattern we will use with the Coberg Fox sheep sample project. Sabine also gave us a sneak peek at her fleece collection. Sabine parting words were “Keep using rare breed fleece/fibers. Support shepherds that care for the soil.”

If our annual event should cease to exist due to venue costs, vendor participation, attendance or a combination of reasons, a different means of revenue would need to be established to keep dues and monthly programs as is or increase out of pocket cost to members.   
Looking at the Treasurer’s Reports over the past 5 years our expenditures average $2,929 per year. Dues is an average of $800 per year minus our dues to CNCH. The raffle took in an average of $1,400 which with dues provided the guild with an operating cost on an average of $3,200.  Currently, we have enough funds to continue as we have through May 2023. 
The Monday Spinners have been instrumental in the success of Spinning at the Winery over the past 22 years and have agreed amongst themselves to continue in this capacity as a comparable location is found as well as determining if the event is financially feasible. As the event hopefully moves to another location, after 22 years of coordinating the Spinning at the Winery vendors, Kate is wanting to relinquish the task and list to someone else.  
Are there any comments or questions regarding this issue?

2022-2023 PROGRAMMING:
Since February’s meeting I’ve received one suggestion for a program or workshop… Kate Larsen. I’d really like your input into presenters, workshops, topics or breeds you’d like brought to our guild. You can share now or email me.
*** Unanimous vote by those in attendance that guild dues will be $30, and members will need to absorb full cost of projects such as dye days and breed studies.   

Still need help at registration table on Thursday, May 19. 
May 14 12:30-2:30 help fill 200-225 CNCH bags at Dawn’s house. 

Those participating (14) are meeting at Wendy’s on Friday or via Zoom to spin, knit and chat. 

If you haven’t finished spinning and plying your light and dark skeins for TONES Dye Day theres’ still time! Dye Day is Sunday, May 1 from 10-1ish @ Carol Causey’s back yard. Bring bags to carry your wet yarn home in, a beverage and lunch or snack.

Renee from Forest Home Farms is looking for volunteers to set up on Friday, 4/22 and/or demonstrate on Shearing Day Saturday, 4/23. If there’s  anyone interested, I’ll forward the waiver form to you or should I send out to the entire membership?  
*** Sent out to those in attendance who were interested or knew someone who would be. 

Thursday, April 28 @ 6:00 Amelia Garripoli’s presentation on Turkish Spindles.

May 25 @ 6:30 will be an in-person celebration guild meeting at Ygnacio Valley Library to spin, knit and a live Show N Tell! Carol Causey has voluntered to set up screen & computer so members who are out of town or unable to come can join us.

August 31 @ 6:30 we’ll resume in-person meetings at the library.




March 26, 2022




Coburger Fuchsschafe and other rare breeds - How they back us in challenging times 

Each member receives a 1 oz Touch Sample imported from Germany. Wooly Basket Project participants receive an additional 4 oz plus pattern.

Shared by Rosemary B - She is supporting several artists from Ukraine through pattern purchases on Etsy. Here are links to several shops:

The first 3 are for Irish Crochet and the last one is for Inkle Weaving patterns.



 Spinning at the Winery - coming next year!!

After 22 fabulous years Treadles to Threads Spinners Guild’s needs to find a new location for “Spinning at the Winery.“ We’ll look forward to getting back together in 2023!  


Treadles to Threads Guild Meeting Notes

February 23, 2022

Zoom meeting, 6:00 p.m.

President Vickie introduced our speaker, Susan McFarland, at 6:00 p.m. Susan spoke to us by Zoom from her place of busisness, Susan’s Fiber Shop, in Colombus, WI.  The remoteness of her shop was a challenge for Wifi, but we struggled through. As Susan introduced herself, she showed her hair adornment, a group if Teeswater locks, pinned in her own hair. There was a great similarity! Program chair, Vickie had arranged for our members to receive a touch sample of Teeswater roving from Susan’s shop and a small number of natural locks were included showing the 10-12 inch length from a hoggett clip. There were bright white, silky and shiny. Fleece description says they do not felt easily, making them great for crafters. Subsequent shearings are often done at 6 month intervals for shorter locks. Susan sent along a color brochure about Teeswaters, their history and breed requirements she had prepared. Included was the story of Teeswaters in the U.S. and Susan’s flock in particular. Start her personal flock in 2005 with ewes purchased from shepherds who bred Teeswaters from semen imported from the UK. Susan thoroughly researched UK Teeswaters, writing breeders to send fleece from animals of various ages so she could breed for those characteristics. She also actively marketed the breed to spinners through er business. After 10 years of hard work, she petitioned te UK breeders to come to the U.S. and recognize American Teeswaters into their breed Association. This was a historic first for any US sheep. Six of her sheep were recognized into the UK Teeswater Breed Association along with three sheep from other breeders. The Teeswater is quite striking with a long black nose, black eye patches and black feet. The long single locks drape down over the back past the belly. The wool should be uniform over the whole fleece.

Susan showed several examples of dyed fibers showing intense colors. There were examples of fabrics woven from her Teeswater showing a lovely draping. Susan took us on a brief tour of her shop. Especially interesting were the spinning wheels and other implements arranged up in the rafters. Susan does take her shop to various shows in the Midwest and East and hopes to see us in person someday.


Treasurer Pam M. Assured us that the treasury is solvent through the remainder of this year’s speaker and program plans.

CNCH liaison Dawn J. Appraised us of the current plans to present the CNCH Conference at the San Mateo Marriott San Francisco Airport on May 19-22, 2022. She has prepared a spread sheet with the hours needed to cover the registration desk – our guild’s job this year, thanks to our dear Joan A. Dawn also has plans to stuff “goodie bags” for attendees at her home just before conference. More information on this will be coming later.

There were brief updates on the Wooly Basket and Neon Bright guild side projects. Please drop by Pam’s for Wooly Basket kit and to Wendy L, the neon Bright project leader for information.

We had a brief show and tell before adjournment.

Abridged notes by Linda B.